Chiropractors Relieving Tendonitis

Tendonitis is a common and painful condition that can affect anyone at any time. There are several treatments that you may have already used including rest, ice, over the counter pain medications. You may still be suffering from pain or just stopped doing the activities that cause the pain. Is that any way to live? You may not have considered a good chiropractor for treatment, but you should. Some chiropractor's and physical therapists use a treatment called Graston Technique which has shown great promise in relieving muscle and tendon pain. In fact many professional and college athletic teams use it and all of the US Olympic training centers use it.

Tendonitis typically starts with a small amount of damage which we call micro-trauma. This weakens the tendon and makes that area more prone to further damage in the future. Over time this cycle continues and causes the tendon to become weak and inflexible. The tendon then becomes painful when it is moved or a load is applied. As the tendon damage increases so does the pain. When you rest a tendon the damage is not repaired so typically the pain returns shortly after you resume activity.

Graston technique attempts to address the damage in the tendon to help heal the tendon in a stronger and more flexible manner. The chiropractor of physical therapist uses a series of 6 steel instruments to rub over the sites of injury. This breaks up the damaged tissue in the tendon and causes more blood flow to the area which helps to re-heal the tissue. The Graston technique treatments only last for 3-5 minutes and are then followed by a series of stretches and exercises to help further strengthen the tissue and prevent future damage. There has been promising research that shows Graston technique can help to strengthen damaged tendons by approximately 40-60%. This can buy you enough time for your body to repair the previous damage and allow the tendon to heal in a proper manner. I have used Graston technique for the last 8 years and have seen wonderful results with conditions ranging from plantar fasciitis to rotator cuff tears.

Tendonitis does not have to stop you from doing what you love. You do not have to suffer with pain or take over the counter pain medications every day just to function. You may just need to consider alternative treatments like Graston technique from a qualified chiropractor or physical therapist.

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Living With Arthritis? Find the Support You Need

Living with chronic pain of arthritis can be an isolating and emotionally trying experience. The debilitating effects of arthritis pain cause individuals to have to give up activities that they love and retreat from family and friends. This increased isolation coupled with ongoing pain can result in irritability and even, depression which compound the effects of chronic pain. This vicious cycle does nothing for the quality of life of the arthritis sufferer.

For this reason, it is of vital importance that those living with chronic pain develop a strong support network to help them cope with the daily effects of their illness. This support can come from family and friends or a group of other individuals experiencing a similar condition. For example: There are a number of online forums or blogs where people can reach out to others living with arthritis and share their stories, such as; Arthritis Care, Surface Hippy or a number of blogs. The benefit of reaching out in these types of forums is the shared understanding that can happen through connecting with someone living with a similar condition. If you want to connect with someone offline your local Arthritis Society is a great place to start. These centers often offer classes on pain management, and run support groups to help understand and manage the challenges with arthritis. It can be both a relief and an empowering experience to connect with someone that understands the day to day limits of arthritis.

Another, and very powerful, tool for accessing support through chronic pain is caring for a pet or connecting with an animal in somewhere. Animals offer unacconditional and caring support even during the worst arthritis flare-up. Pets can offer a non-judgmental ear when you need to talk about the pain, cats can be a stretching companion to keep the joints loose, dogs will help get you out of the house and get the exercise needed for arthritis care. If you do not own an animal why not volunteer at the local SPCA to walk dogs? Not only will it be a lot of fun but it will be therapeutic both physically and mentally. On top of all this, caring for your furry friend can offer distraction from the on-going pain and an overall sense of purpose in your life.

Just like managing the physical pain of arthritis, managing the emotional strain of arthritis is a multifaceted and holistic process. Once the emotional is addressed the physical pain will become easier to cope with. Implementing some of these strategies will help you to begin to accept your limitations and enjoy all that life has to offer.

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10 Easy Tips for Managing Arthritis Pain

Arthritis pain management is a multifaceted and individual process. By that I mean, what works for some may not work for others and there is no one miracle cure. That being said there are a number of arthritis pain management techniques that, when used in conjunction with one another, can be very effective for most people. A large part of managing arthritis is about managing infection that causes pain. In the months leading up to my surgery I have been fine tuning my arthritis pain management strategy and have come up with a number of suggestions that are worth a try:

1) Stay active: living with chronic pain can easily lead toactivity; however, this can be counter productive. Finding an activity that works within your limitations can help to maintain strength and mobility in the joint.

2) Maintain a healthy weight: This is of vital importance to prevent additional strain on the joint. Researchers at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina found that one pound reduction in weight reflected in a 4 pound reduction on pressure put on the knee. This is only compounded more for the hip. So developing a weight management strategy is very important for people living with arthritis.

3) Diet: Many foods are said to have anti-inflammatory properties. Consumption of anti-inflammatory foods on a regular basis can help manage inflammation, thus regulating pain. Some of these foods include: Tumeric, wild salmon, green tea, papaya, and sweet potato.

4) Proper nutrition: In addition to weight-management and consuming foods with anti-inflammatory properties, maintaining a balanced diet is essential for improving health and managing arthritis. In the months leading up to my surgery I have been advised to ensure I am getting enough calcium and vitamin D, as well as, fiber in my diet.

4) Ice the joint: this is especially important after exercise. Icing the joint helps keep inflammation down and manages pain.

5) Topical cream: The use of topical pain management or anti-inflammatory creams is great because they really do work and they are easier on your body then taking anti-inflammatory medication. There are a variety of topical creams for arthritis pain management out there, and while they act differently on the body, many can give almost instant relief. Some of these include: capsicum cream, tiger balm or any over the counter anti-inflammatory cream.

6) Heat for the muscles: A significant amount of my own pain does not come directly from the joint but from the muscles around it. While some of this can be managed through regular exercise and stretching, there is nothing like a hot soak in the tub with bath salts or a hot water bottle to ease the tension.

7) Know your limit : Regular exercise and daily activity are very important, however, not when it is causing more damage. My dance teacher used to tell me to listen to my body. Some aches and pains are obviously normal but when it starts to feel like to much strain on the joint it is time to stop. As I have already said, arthritis pain management is a very individual process so it is very important you are honest with yourself about your limitations.

8) Seek out Support : dealing with chronic pain can be emotionally taxing which further exacerbates the pain. Finding support from like-minded individuals, especially those who are also living with arthritis, is a very effective arthritis pain management strategy. Contact the Arthritis Society or get involved in an online forum like Arthritis Care for ideas on how you can get more support.

9) Supplements: there are a number of supplements and homeopathic remedies that can help manage pain and even strengthen cartilage. I have tried a number of them with some success and encourage you to explore options to find one that meets your needs.

10) Anti-inflammatory drugs : When all else fails I rely on drugs to help me manage the pain. Before my arthritis was severe I used over the counter anti-inflammatory of such as Advil. I now take prescription strength anti-inflammatory's but make sure I use all of the above techniques so that I do not have toely too heavily on them.

These are just a few of the things that help me manage my arthritis pain. No one of these things can offer any miracle cure but using all of these techniques together helps me life a relatively pain-free life.

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Understanding More About Bankart Lesion Repair

Our shoulder is best described as a ball and socket joint that allows flexible movement in various directions. However, there is a direct trade off between flexibility and stability. Due to the extreme flexibility, it is unstable and is very prone to injuries and dislocation. When the labrum is detached from the glenoid, it adds to the instability. It is very easy for the shoulder ball to pop out of the socket and when this happens, it will tear the inferior glenohumeral ligament, leading to an injury called Bankart Lesion. To recover fully, either an arthroscopic or an open surgery called the Bankart Lesion Repair will need to be carried out.

Most surgeons prefer to carry out an arthroscopic surgery due to the higher success rates, lower chances of infection and shorter recovery time. Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery that involves making small incisions to the surgical site to allow the placement of small cameras and surgical tools. Due to its minimally invasive nature, the wound is very much smaller and that leads to a lower risk of infection and faster recovery process. Prior to the surgery, the patient will need to go on a food and drink fast after midnight. During the surgery, the surgeon will reattach back the labrum to the bone along the glenohumeral. The entire shoulder structure will not be modified and there is not a need to detach the subscapularis muscle. You will wake up with a sling and you should always wear it when you are sleeping to immobilize your shoulder to prevent further aggravation of your injury. It will need to be worn religiously for around 3 months.

As general anesthesia is administered before the surgery, you will not feel any pain immediately when you wake up. However, once the effects of the anaesthesia wears off, the immediate pain will be excruciating. To prevent this sudden onset of pain, you should take painkillers around 30 minutes before the anaesthesia wears off. To reduce swelling, you should apply ice pack to the surgical site, bearing in mind to always keep the wound nice and dry. You will be able to use your affected hand for a few weeks. To prevent muscular atrophy, you will need to start performing physical therapy exercises under the guidance of a physical therapist. Physiotherapy will help to reduce scarring and regain the range of motion of your shoulder. It will also help to build up and strengthen your muscles to better support your weakened shoulder joint.

To enable you to continue leading a high quality lifestyle, a Bankart Lesion Repair procedure will need to be carried out to surgically reattach your labrum. This will help to prevent future recurrence of your shoulder slipping out of the socket. Although the initial period after surgery will be extremely restrictive, you should persevere on and aim for a speedy recovery.

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Osteoporosis In Postmenopausal Girls – An Outline

Osteoporosis, or porous bone, is a disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility and an increased susceptibility to fractures, especially of the hip, spinal and wrist, although any bone can be affected.

Types of Osteoporosis
Primary Osteoporosis
Secondary Osteoporosis

Primary Osteoporosis:
1) PMO – Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
2) Senile Osteoporosis (Age related)
3) Idiopathic Osteoporosis

• We are in the midst of a global osteoporosis epidemic. 200 million people worldwide are suffering from this condition.

• National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) finds are as follows:

-Osteoporosis related broken bones affect more women than breast cancer, uterine cancer and ovarian cancer combined.

One out of two women will have an osteoporosis related bone fraction in her lifetime.

Bone health must be considered a top priority for everyone over the age of fifty through the world.

• Osteoporosis is 100% preventable. Osteoporosis is 100% treatable, but Osteoporosis can not be completely cured.

Prevention is always the best treatment, so talk to your doctor and get a BONE MINERAL DENSITY (BMD) test now to see what you need to do to keep your bones healthy, strong and beautiful.

• Our body achieves its peak bone mass (maximum bone density and strength) by the time we are 25 and 30, it does a pretty good job by working out a precise balance between resorption (the removal of old bone) and formation (the addition of new bone).

• When a woman reaches the age of menopause her bone loss accelerates from about 3% up to 7% a year.

Think of it this way: If you have been diagnosed with low bone mass or density, this means that your bones have less mineral per square inch than they should which is known as Osteopenia – means thinning of bones.

Symptoms
• Osteoporosis is often called a “silent disease” because bone loss occurs without symptoms. Women may not know that they have osteoporosis until their bones become so weak that a sudden strain, bump or fall causes a fracture or a vertebra to collapse. Collapsed vertebrae may initially be felt or seen in the form of severe back pain, loss of height, or spinal deformities such as kyphosis or stooped posture.

Risk Factors

Body – type risk factor

• Tall, thin, fair-skinned women have a high risk of developing Osteoporosis.

Weight risk factor

• Sudden weight loss after menopause (More than 10% of your body weight) can double your chances of developing Osteoporosis.

• If you need to lose weight after menopause, do it slowly and under the care of your doctor.

Risk factors you can change

• DXA testing
• Lack of exercise
• Smoking
• Alcohol
• Caffeine
• Low calcium and vitamin D
• Low body weight
• Certain medications

Detection

• Specialized tests called bone mineral density (BMD) tests can measure bone density in various sites of the body. A BMD test can:

Detect osteoporosis before a fracture occurs

Predict chances of fracturing in the future

Determination rate of bone loss and / or monitor the effects of treatment if a DXA BMD test is conducted at intervals of one year or more.

Especiala estrogen, to postmenopausal women, which decreases dramatically after menopause.

ERT = Estrogen Replacement Therapy

When estrogen is combined with progesterone it is generally called Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

Postmenopausal

Age: 50 to 75
Type of bone loss: Trabecular
Site of fracture: Wrist and spine
Rate of bone loss: Accelerated
Calcium absorption: Decreased

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Tips To Help You Conquer The Limitations Of Arthritis

Although it's often associated with older hands, arthritis can strike at any age and anywhere in the body. It damages bones and joints, and causes extreme pain that can be disabling.

Ask your doctor about any changes you want to make. Many medications take time to begin working.

Laugh a lot! You can keep your mood high and your stress levels down by reading light-hearted books, swapping jokes with friends, or viewing funny movies. Laughter has a number of positive benefits for arthritis patients, so have yourself a good chuckle.

Women with arthritis may want to think about leaving their high heels in the closet. While high heels may be stylish, they are bad for your feet and joints. High heels increase torque around the knees which just agitates the symptoms of arthritis. Instead, wear comfortable shoes to keep arthritis pain to a minimum. Your body is sure to appreciate your decision.

Fish Oil
A relatively unknown solution for arthritis, is fish oil. Report after report indicates that fish oil reduces arthritis pain and joint inflammation, thanks to the fatty acids (omega-3s) it contains. You can find fish oil in some vitamin and supplement stores, as well as some supermarkets.

Controlling your weight is crucial when managing arthritis. Having too much weight on the body can put pressure on joints and add more stress. Focus on good nutrition and an overall healthier lifestyle. Losing weight is easily achieved with a set of goals and some determination.

Consider cognitive therapy as a possible remedy for your arthritis. The therapy sessions may help you to alter negative habits by teaching you to think in a more positive way. Since arthritis is a life-long condition and can cause pain and stress, this type of therapy offers a better quality of life.

Manage your stress levels in order to manage your arthritis. Stress can actually cause more swelling and pain. Look for ways to reduce stress in your life and utilize these techniques to help keep you calm. Even if you are not having an arthritis flare-up, being stress free is good for your overall health.

Yoga can help boost health and your well-being, so consider taking a class. Yoga consistants of stretching exercises and meditation for the mind. This can be of huge benefit to the arthritis sufferer. If you are not comfortable joining a class, consider buying a yoga workout DVD instead. A yoga DVD can help you to stay motivated, and allow you the comfort of working out on your own time, in your own home.

Always consider how things will affect your joints. Even a small task can be painful and seem difficult when you have arthritis. If you need to move something, you should request some assistance. If no one is available to help, try sliding the object instead of lifting it. You can keep your joints flexible and treat your pain by making sure to protect yourself from irritation and inflammation.

To treat sudden arthritis flare-ups, use a heating pad with moisture to help the aching joint. The heat and the moisture combo can combat joint inflammation. Applying such a pad for ten to fifteen minutes, is often sufficient to curb an arthritis attack and restore comfort to your joints.

Talk to your doctor about joint surgery if you can not find anything efficient against your condition. Surgery helps reverse the damage caused by arthritis, improving flexibility and mobility.

Do not let anything make you feel bad. Although you are obviously unable to perform as well as you used to, this is still nothing to feel guilty or shame over. When you feel pressure or guilty about your condition it can just worsen. You need to let yourself know that you did not cause this to happen. You certainly should not beat yourself up over things you can no longer do.

If you suffer the effects of arthritis, a great place to start treatment is meditation or yoga. These relaxation techniques will calm your body and mind, reducing the severity of arthritis symptoms. You need to engage in yoga at least every other day, and meditation should be done at least once daily, for you to enjoy the greatest benefits.

If you are dealing with arthritis, think about scheduling trips to the sauna. The warmth and the moisture that a sauna produces can reduce your infection, and help you live a more pain-free life. For the greatest benefits, be sure to visit a sauna on a regular basis.

Although exercise is vital if you have arthritis, be sure to get it in healthy and calculated doses. Maybe it will take you more time to complete a good exercise routine than others, but the precautions are necessary and the benefits you receive immeasurable. Aim for three 10-minute sessions per day for best results.

Remembering these tips can help someone become a pro track runner, while still dealing with arthritis. Do your best to keep arthritis from affecting your physical and emotional health. Moderate exercise, adequate sleep, physical therapy and even meditation can help less pain and improve joint health. Remain positive, and you can over it.

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Facts And Causes About Arthritis Pain

Arthritis pain can have a debilitating impact on your quality of life. If you suffer from arthritis, then that reality might be all too real. This is a disease that has been around for a very long time. We are far from the first civilization of human beings to ever experience this problem. To put things in perspective, there is some credible evidence out there that even the dinosaurs suffered from this painful disease. The skeletal remains of our ancestors which span back centuries, even thousands of years seem to indicate that arthritis was a problem at that point in history. So this is not a problem that recently came about due to changes in our environment.

Arthritis is a term that's defined as inflammation of the joints. It's also the most common debilitating disease in the United States. This is a painful disease that goes after much more than just your joints. It really does attack your lifestyle at its core. If you enjoy biking or swimming for instance, it will probably get increasingly more difficult to pursue these activities as you get older. Arthritis is a problem that will progress with age. Even if it's manageable at one point in your life, it will more than likely gain a larger stronger as you get older. It's no wonder that arthritis is costing our economy more than 100 billion dollars each year. It also comes as no surprise that tens of millions of Americans are seeing their doctor for this problem. Thousand of deaths are being linked to the condition each year.

There are different beliefs on what led to arthritis coming about. Inactivity seems to be one of the universal opinions on why this disease began to affect human animals. This is a reasonable explanation and it makes logical sense for a number of people. But it does not make a whole lot of sense for people who live active lives, but still manage to develop this debilitating disease that can force you into a state ofactivity.

Arthritis is not a disease that can be cured. If it were possible to get rid of it, there would be millions of individuals running to their doctors across the United States and the world. Like many diseases, there is no apparent cure for it at the moment. This may change in the coming years, but that's where we stand right now. Treatment on the other hand is very possible. Many individuals suffering with arthritis are able to reduce the level of pain they are feeling and experiencing. Movement and doing your best to remain active is the best known treatment for arthritis. If you are not currently suffering with arthritis, let this be your motivation to stay active. This will greatly reduce your risks of ever developing arthritis in the first place.

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Meniscal Tear Classification and Treatment Options

A torn meniscus is one of the most common injuries to the knee cartilage that stabilizes and cushions the knee joint. Any vital physical activity that causes you to forcefully twist or over-flex your knee or delivery of a significant force or blow to the front of the knee can lead to a torn meniscus.

The extent of the injury to the meniscus and the pattern of its tear can determine whether your tear is repairable.

Before we go further, it is important to understand what a meniscus is and where it is located in the knee.

A meniscus is a C-shaped shock-absorbing pad of fiber and cartilage that lies between the bones of the joint (femur and tibia). Each of human knees has two menisci (plural of meniscus), with a medial one resting on the “inside” of the knee and a lateral one on the “outside” of the knee.

The menisci that predominately consist of water and collagen fibers serve as a shock-absorption system, assisting in lubricating the joint, and controlling the front-to-back (anteroposterior) motion of the knee.

Meniscal Tear Patterns

Meniscal tears are most commonly caused by forceful twisting or pivoting movements of the knee joint. In addition, the menisci begin to deteriorate with age, often developing degenerative tears.

A meniscus tear can be of various types, based on cartilage's location, the pattern of the tear, and the size of the tear. These include:

Longitudinal tears: Tear occurs along the longitudinal axis of the meniscus.
Radial tears
Bucket-handle tears
Horizontal tears
Cleavage tears
Transverse tears
Parrot-beak tears
Root tears
Degenerative tears

Treatment Options

There are several factors based on which a doctor will determine which treatment will work best for your torn meniscus. These factors include the location of the tear, pattern of the tear, the size and size of the tear. Your age, pain level and activity level may also affect your treatment options.

For instance, radial tears can sometimes be corrected, while horizontal, degenerative, and long-standing tears often can not be repaired.

For minor tears at the outer edge of the meniscus (medically referred to as red zone), home treatment often works the best. This may include adequate rest, ice, elevation, compression, and physical therapy. Small tears often heal by wearing a temporary knee brace, wrapping the knee with an elastic bandage to keep it from twisting, and keeping your leg propped up on pillows.

For moderate to large tears at the red zone, surgery is a good option. These kinds of tears can be sewn together, and tend to heal well after surgery.

If you have a tear in the inner two-thirds of the meniscus (called the white zone), then it will not heal well either on its own or after repair, as it does not have a good blood supply. If torn pieces float into the joint space, the torn section is removed through a surgical procedure called partial meniscectomy.

If you have a tear that extends from the red zone into the white zone, total meniscectomy is usually done to remove the entire meniscus.

These days, surgical repair of the meniscus is done using a procedure known as arthroscopy in medical terms. This surgical procedure involves inserting a thin tube, or fiberoptic telescope that contains a camera and a light into the joint through a small incision of approximately 1/8 inch long in size. Fluid is then inserted into the joint to inflate it, allowing the healthcare providers to see the structures within that joint. Then, through other small incisions miniature instruments which may be as small as 1/10 of an inch are inserted into the knee and meniscal repair is done using sutures or anchors.

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ACL Tear Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis

Many athletes and sports enthusiasts experience anterior cruciate ligament or ACL tear when their knee is forcefully twisted or hyperextended.

The young individuals who are active in physical spots like soccer, football, skiing, basketball and other high-demand sports that entailing twisting and jumping are more likely to get their knee ligament ruptured.

Importance of ACL
ACL is one of the four ligaments that hold the knee joint together, control its movements and provide stability to it. This particular ligament connects shin bone (tibia) to the thigh bone (femur). ACL rests on the medial side of the knee and controls the join's forward motion and prevents the leg from inwardly extending beyond its normal range of motion.

How does ACL Tear Occurs?
This debilitating musculoskeletal injury normally occurs from a blunt force trauma to the outside of the knee. The ACL may be easily ruptured during a car accident, landing from a jump or a football or rugby tackle. In sports, this injury usually occurs when an athlete changes direction abruptly or if the knee is suddenly twisted while the foot is firmly planted on the ground. Falling off a ladder and missing a step on a staircase are other likely causes of an injured ligament.

ACL injury is sometimes seen in combination with damage to other ligaments as well as articular cartilage and meniscus. ACL tear can be partial or complete and can lead to short term or long term disability of the leg. On a severity scale, an ACL tear can be divided into three grades:

Grade I: The medial collateral ligament gets lightly stretched but the joint laxity remains normal.

Grade II: The ligament gets so stretched that it loosens the joint. This condition results in mild to moderate joint laxity.

Grade III: The ligament gets completely torn and loses its ability to keep the knee joint stable and its movements and rotation. The knee becomes unstable, wobbly, or the patients may feel like their knee is going to “give out” from under the body.

Who is More at Risk?
Female athletes are nearly 10 times more susceptible to ACL injury or tear than their counterparts. This particular injury actually is greatly influenced by the position of the pelvis, and because female pelvis is wider than the male pelvis women are often more at risk of an ACL strain or tear.

Torn ACL Symptoms
You may hear a popping / cracking sound at the time of the impact or feel the sudden shift in the joint. ACL tear patients experience a sharp and intense pain with extensive swelling and bruising on the area of ​​the knee where it is injured, in particular within six hours of injury. Full range of knee motion is often restricted with difficulty moving the leg and walking. People who suffer an ACL tear usually experience experience at the medial side of their joint.

Diagnosis
To determine the presence of an ACL tear your doctor with do a thorough examination of the knee and assess the ligaments. The two common physical tests that are used to confirm the injury and its severity are- Lachman Test, to evaluate abnormal forward motion of the tibia; and Anterior Drawer Test to assess for the integrity of the ACL.

To further confirm if your ACL is torn you may need X-rays not to detect a torn ligament but to rule out a bone fraction. Or you may need a magnetic resonance imaging or MRI to more accurately determine the amount of the ACL injury and whether the tendons, muscles, other ligaments and joint cartilage are also injured and how badly. Ultrasounds are also used to visualize possible injuries in soft tissues such as the knee ligaments, tendons and muscles.

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Arthritis Sufferers May Find Some Relief In Periodontal Therapy

It may seem strange how some diseases are linked, but as more and more research is done, we find those links do exist. Take rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease. Symptoms include pain, swollen joints and stiffness. Several studies examining the relationship between rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease have been made in the past ten years. “The results of this study provide further evidence of a significant association between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis.” The researchers measured for periodontitis using probing depths, attachment loss, bleeding scores, plaque scores, and radiographic bone loss scores. Their measurements for rheumatoid arthritis included joint joint surgery, swollen joint analysis, pain index, physician's global assessment on a visual analogue scale, health assessment questionnaire, levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

In both diseases, the infection destroys the soft and hard tissue. The inflammation is caused by the toxins from bacterial infection. Even historically, some treatments for arthritis were to pull teeth or give antibiotics to the patient to treat their arthritis pain. Once the inflammation from their teeth was controlled, the patients got better. More recently, two studies in 2012 found that the fewer the teeth and individual had, the more severe the arthritis. Out of a normal 32 teeth, those with fewer than 20 teeth were eight times more likely to have swollen joints.

As with periodontal disease and other systemic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease. Chronic infection shows up in the blood by increased levels of CRP. One inflammatory disease that produces high levels of CRP exacerbates the other. And this is also true with arthritis. And those with rheumatoid arthritis tend to have more periodontal disease. Treating the periodontal disease often gives relief to the arthritis. And treating the arthritis with antibiotics often improves the gum disease. More studies are being conducted to ascertain more quantitative data on the association between the two diseases. The once thought of as myth, is slowly being proved as fact, that periodontal disease affects total health.

The issue is more complex than justating that arthritis causes periodontal disease or that periodontal disease causes arthritis. However, it is evident that there is a link. And more importantly, providing the best oral care possible and getting periodontal therapy if you have the disease, will also positively impact your arthritis and potentially reduce your pain.

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Arthritis Treatment With Glucosamine and Chondroitin

Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65 but it can also develop in children and teens. Arthritis is more common in women than men and in those that are overweight. The symptoms of arthritis usually appear gradually but they may also occur suddenly.

ARTHRITIS TREATMENT

The first drug generally used in the treatment of osteoarthritis is aspirin. Other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often used, especially when aspirin is ineffective or intolerable. Long term use of these drugs are not advisable because of the side effects including gastrointestinal upset, headaches, dizziness, and are there recommended for only short periods of time.

ARTHRITIS TREATMENT WITH GLUCOSAMINE AND CHONDROITIN SUPPLEMENTS

Many people with arthritis use supplements in their diet to ease the pain of arthritis. Glucosamine and chondroitin are the most well-known and best-tested. Studies suggest that glucosamine may be at least as effective as some of the medications frequently used arthritis pain relief, but with fewer gastrointestinal side effects. Glucosamine is often taken with chondroitin, another supplement thought to be effective in treating arthritis ..

Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate are components of normal cartilage. In the body, they are the building blocks for cartilage and appear to stimulate the body to make more cartilage. Glucosamine is a precursor to a molecule called a glycosaminoglycan and this molecule is used in the formation and repair of cartilage. Chondroitin is the most abundant glycosaminoglycan in cartilage and is responsible for the resiliency of cartilage.

Glucosamine works to stimulate joint function and repair. It is most effective in treating osteoarthritis, the most prevalent type of arthritis. A 1982 clinical study compared use of the NSAID ibuprofen with glucosamine sulfate, shown 44% of the glucosamine group had pain relief compared to 15% for ibuprofen. Because glucosamine is not an anti-inflammatory drug, it takes longer to start working, but it works equally well. Another study showed the effects of glucosamine on obese patients, however, they may require higher dosages to offset the joints' reaction to the stress from obesity.

Glucosamine, which occurs naturally in the body, plays a key role in the construction of cartilage – the tough connective tissue that cushions the joints. Glucosamine stimulates the production of glycosaminoglycans (the key structural components of cartilage) as well as the incorporation of sulfur into cartilage. Sulfur is necessary for making and repairing cartilage.

It is important to check with your doctor before starting any new treatments. Do not take more of the supplements than is recommended. These supplements are not recommended for the people with diabetes, people taking blood-thinning medication (anticoagulants), children, women who are pregnant and women who could become pregnant.

Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements are used by many for arthritis treatment with successful results, but the effects may vary depending on the age of the patient, condition of the disease etc.

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Pros and Cons of Hip Replacement and Resurfacing

The decision to get joint replacement surgery is one that requires careful consideration and research. Overall, it seems that the majority of people who have had hip replacement surgery do not regret it and often wonder why they waited so long to get it. The opportunity to live a pain free life and enjoy activities that are no longer available due to the chronic pain of arthritis is a novelty for many people. However, before committing to surgery there are a number of things to consider, including; the type of prosthesis to be used and which procedure is best for the patient.

When it comes to hip replacements there are two main types of options available to people: total hip replacement and hip resurfacing. There is a lot of information for or against both of these procedures and extremely it needs to be a decision made through discussion with the surgeon.

involves the replacement of the femoral head and the joint. Prosthesis used can be made from metal, metal and plastic, or ceramic. The traditional hip replacement is a metal femoral head with a metal joint and a small plastic cup used between the two to stimulate cartilage.

Pros of this procedure include:

  • It is a well-practiced surgery with limited complications
  • It can be performed on more individuals with complicated hips (such as myself)
  • There is a limited risk of metal ions emerging into the blood from the metal on plastic and ceramic models.

Cons include:

  • There is some limitation in mobility following the surgery due to a risk of dislocation
  • The ceramic models have a risk of cracking
  • Revisions are typically required every 10-25 years (this means replacement of the plastic cup)
  • More bone is removed from the femur then in resurfacing

Hip resurfacing is a reliably newer procedure (at least in Canada) and is said to be less invasive then total hip replacement. In this procedure less bone is removed from the femur and the patient has a larger gauged prosthesis fixated to the femoral head. In other words, the damaged bone is capped rather then replaced. In hip resurfacing both the ball and socket are made of metal.

Pros include:

  • less risk of dislocation due to a larger femoral head size (closer to that of a natural hip) meaning there is less restriction to movement
  • the metal on metal is significantly more durable then some of the other prosthesis so there is less chance of revisions requiring to be performed due to wear and tear
  • more of the bone in the femur is left intact (allowing for potential total hip replacements to be performed in the future if necessary)

Cons include:

  • Not appropriate for all hips. Factors such as dysplasia, weight of patient, and inflammation need to be considered
  • there is significant concern about metal ions released into the blood due to the metal on metal wear which has been known to cause increased pain or tumors in some patients
  • because the damaged bone remains there is a risk of fracture of the femur
  • Here is a higher failure rate in women than in men (this is likely due to bone size and other factors).

Having had none of these procedures and not being a medical professional I'm not advocating for one of the other. The reality is, every individual needs to consider the advantages and disadvantages, as well as speak honestly with their surgeon about which option is best for them.

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Improve Arthritis Through Exercise

Arthritis can be a debilitating disease. Those who suffer with it know how difficult it can be to function normally without pain and are looking for any solution. Exercise is just one way to improve joint mobility, prevent arthritis before it strikes and treat pain. A regular exercise program can do wonders for your body – if you are a sufferer, follow a few of these tips and exercise safely to improve your arthritis.

Talk to Your Physician First

Before you begin any exercise program it's a good idea to discuss your intentions with your doctor or physician. They will be able to give you expert advice on how much strain you can put on your joints and what they think will and will not be helpful. Note some of your exercise ideas down and talk about it with them at your next appointment.

Range of Motion Exercises

Range of motion exercises at a slow pace can help increase flexibility, especially during flare ups. Make sure you do not work your body to the point of discomfort and try to practice things like shoulder circles, knee to chest pulls and leg swings in a warm and comfortable environment.

Flexibility Exercises

Flexibility exercises and even light yoga should be done every day. Consistency is the key and working to improve your body's flexibility should have a positive effect on joint pain in general. Find a flexibility exercise routine that suits you and does not cause discomfort – it will take a while for you to start noticing changes, but you should be able to increase your range of motion and time holding positions the longer you keep up the routine.

Strength Training

Strength training and light weight training gives your joints the support they need through strong muscles. While flexibility exercises should be done daily, you should only work with weights three times a week to ensure there is no excess strain on your joints. Start with very low weight and work your way up slowly. Simple compound lifts like squats, bench press and deadlifts work all of the key muscle groups – just make sure you take it slow!

Exercise can help your body in so many ways, especially if joint pain and arthritis is a real problem. Do not work your body too hard and slow down if you start feeling discomfort. Just remember that routine and consistency is the most important thing.

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How I Stay Active While Living With Arthritis

Born with dysplasia in my left hip that was not discovered until I was 18 months old I am no stranger to pain in my hip. When my dysplasia was made known I underwent multiple surgeries which resulted in a hip joint being formed for me out of bone grafts from my femur. At two years old I spent two weeks in traction and months in body casts. Since that time I stubbornly moved in ways my doctor originally never thought was possible. I danced from age 3 – 18 when I was told I would have to stop or get a hip replacement. Then I took up running, and while I did it with a bit of a limp, I thought of myself as the little runner that could, and my determination took me over quite a few finish lines. I've now had to stop running because I have been told I have no cartilage left in my hip and am living with severe osteoarthritis. The pain is bad and I will be getting a hip replacement soon. However, I have not stopped being active and I whole heartedly believe that staying active keeps my pain level down and hip as healthy as it can be.

Before I was living with severe arthritis I had an image of arthritis as being a completely debilitating illness that only happens to the elderly. This is not my experience. Yes, there are days when the pain is all consuming but for the most part I am able to maintain my activity level as long as I pay attention to my limits and work with my pain management strategies. I have heard countless times how important it is to stay as active as possible while living with arthritis to maintain strength and mobility in the joint.

I would like to share with you eight strategies to stay active while living with osteoarthritis:

1) Let pain be your guide – this is very important and a lesson I have learned the hard way one too many times. If you feel like you are doing more harm than good then it is time to stop.

2) Choose activities that have a low to moderate impact on your affected joint – Swimming is always a good option but if you need something with a bit more intensity try yoga, cycling, spin, or kettlebell. Try new things until you find something that works for you.

3) Ice that joint – part of what causes the pain is inflammation in the joint. By icing the joint after exercise you are helping to keep any inflammation down that may have been caused by exercise.

4) Apply heat to the muscle – if you are living with arthritis you know that it is not just the joint that causes you pain. Often the muscles around the joint carry a lot of tension which can cause significant pain. By applying heat either with a hot water bottle or in a hot bath you can help to relax some of those muscles (my favorite is an Epsom salt bath).

5) Always stretch – stretching is important for everyone but especially for those of us living with arthritis.

6) Modify – it is important to work within and acknowledge your own limitations. Find ways to make exercises work for you and do not be afraid to ask a trainer or instructor for help with this.

7) Try not to get discouraged (especially if you are just getting into exercise) – Building strength and flexibility takes time, especially if you are living with arthritis, being a patient with yourself.

8) Have fun – while it can feel like it, exercise should not be a chore. You are far more likely to stick with it if you are having fun so find something that you enjoy.

As with anything, it is important that you find an exercise routine that works for you within your own limitations but I hope these points can help you stay on the path to fitness and joint health.

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Living With Painful Arthritis – 3 Things That You Should Know

The joint and its surrounding and connective tissues may get worn out or damaged as we age or if they are abused with repetitive motion. This is what happens to people with arthritis. it is the inflammation of joint and its surrounding and connective tissues. Swelling, stiffness and pain around the affected area are the common symptoms. The knees, hips and the fingers are commonly affected. Living with painful arthritis can be disabling, it is one of the causes of disabilities in people with this joint disease. People with severe arthritis often worry about their mobility or functionality in their everyday lives. This joint disorder inhibits a person's physical functionality.

Some people believe that arthritis is something that will ever happen to most of us and there is nothing we can do about it. Living with painful arthritis can be really hard but there are ways to manage arthritis. It is a treatable and manageable condition. There are people who have arthritis and yet they can still get the best out of their condition and can still enjoy their lives. The following tips can be very helpful to make it more bearable living with painful arthritis.

Seek professional help. Early medical intervention is essential if you are dealing with degenerative disease like arthritis. Living with painful arthritis can be more bearable with the help of your doctor. Medical treatments like medications and therapies can help ease the pain, stiffness and inflammation of joints and can be very helpful to slow down the progress of arthritis or prevent further joint damage. X-rays and blood tests may required to properly diagnose your condition and to know what type of arthritis you have. Follow your doctor's advice in taking medicines and take them exactly as advised by your doctor. For severe condition, surgery may recommended to treat the pain and restore the functionality of the affected joint. See your doctor regularly for your condition to be monitored properly. Arthritis if left untreated may get worse and may also lead to joint deformities.

Stay physically active. Although it is hard to move around with swollen joints, totalactivity may worsen your condition. Engaging in light or moderate physical activities can help relieve joint pain and can improve joint function. Ask your doctor or therapist about the best exercises for your condition. If there are community-based physical activity programs for people with arthritis in your area, it is best to participate to improve your condition and to meet other people with the same problem. Living with painful arthritis can be easier if you know you are not alone.

Lose excess weight. Obesity is associated with arthritis as too much weight can add pressure or tension on the joints. Reducing your weight can reduce the pressure on your joints especially on the knees which are the common target of osteoarthritis or “wear and tear” arthritis. Losing your excess weight lowers your risk of developing osteoarthritis and limits the progress of arthritis. A significant reduction of weight can be a great relief on your joints. Weight loss program coupled with dietary restriction can be very effective in losing excess pounds. Do not starve yourself or engage in physical activities beyond your physical abilities because it is not only bad for your arthritis but it will also put your health at risk. Seek professional help if you find it hard to reduce weight on your own. Losing weight can be hard but living with painful arthritis without losing your excess weight can make your condition worse.

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